The UNESCO Foundation has equated handicrafts with world cultural heritage, as many crafts that were known to mankind disappear over time.
And although this is not an official holiday, handmade lovers, as it turned out, celebrate it with pleasure.
Namely, on this day all kinds of exhibitions, master classes, meetings of like-minded people are organized all over the world.
For lovers of manual labor and those who are simply not indifferent to creativity, this is a great opportunity to get acquainted with interesting and unusual types of hobbies, exchange experiences, and learn something new. In addition, learn more not only about traditional, but also about rare types of needlework.
Many new directions have appeared in needlework in recent years, and many of them are even often heard by us, although the names alone are a discovery for me personally 🙂 but let’s go through them to understand what and where it came from.
In translation, “carving” means carving. This type of creativity comes from the Ancient East. Such a craft made it possible to create unique objects from wood, stone, and bone. Today, carving is popular as fruit and vegetable carving. A wonderful and delicious decoration for your holiday table.
An ancient type of needlework of European origin. It is mainly used as the main element of decor and decoration for greeting cards, commemorative photo albums, gift wrapping, as well as for creating paintings using this technique.
The technique of felting natural wool. The history of felting originates from the culture of nomadic peoples. The first felted products appeared over 8000 years ago. And if you believe the legend, then the felt was obtained in Noah’s ark. Among the many different animals in the ark were also sheep. They molted, the wool fell to the floor, where it became wet and stomped on by hooves. As a result, the wool turned into a felt carpet.
As needlework, felting appeared in the 16th century. There are two types – dry and wet felting. The first allows you to create bulk products, the second method is suitable for flat products. Thanks to this type of needlework, even the most ordinary thing can be easily turned into a work of art. In recent years, toys made using this technique have become especially popular – they are very beautiful and look just like living ones.
Decorative interior decorations, in the form of small trees in flower pots. Outwardly, they are associated with curly trimmed garden trees and shrubs. It was garden decoration that served as the beginning of this modern type of needlework. The Antique era is considered the initial stage in the development of topiary art. Gardeners of wealthy inhabitants of the Roman Empire were among the first masters of this decorative genre. They were called so – topiary. They made patterns, animals and abstract forms from crowns, which was unusual for that time. The historian Pliny claimed that the first topiary gardener was Kalven, one of Caesar’s courtiers. However, modern scientists have an assumption that the Romans adopted the skills from the masters of Western Asia and Egypt. For several centuries after the fall of Rome, art did not develop.
5. IRIS FOLDING
Iris folding – iridescent folding. This particular technique for working with colored paper originated in Holland. This type of handicraft is quite simple, even children can easily master it. Iris folding is of particular interest to those who are passionate about scrapbooking.
This ancient Japanese art is a floral technique for creating pictures of flowers and leaves. Any plant materials are suitable for work – flower petals, leaves of trees and shrubs, seeds, which turn into amazingly beautiful decor elements. Some craftswomen tamed shells, pebbles, starfish, corals for this type of art.
7. PAINTINGS AND PORTRAITS IN DENIM
These works of art are created from scraps of denim fabric in different shades of blue. Old jeans are great for this. The ideological inspirer and creator of this type of creativity is the British artist Ian Berry, who did not want to part with his favorite jeans.
In simple terms, this is drawing with an iron. This type of creativity requires a minimum of materials and time: wax crayons, an iron and your imagination. Incredible beauty and richness of colors painting technique originated in ancient Greece.
9. DIAMOND EMBROIDERY
A relatively new type of needlework, which has managed to find a huge army of fans in different countries in its short history.
In fact, this technique has nothing to do with embroidery itself, it does not use a needle, and there are no threads.
Modern diamond mosaic embroidery originated in China quite by accident. The manufacturing process consists in gluing rhinestones of the desired colors onto the finished scheme. It is like laying out a mosaic, not like embroidery or painting.
This technique is borrowed from another ancient needlework – mosaics, which appeared many centuries ago.
The technique of laying out mosaics has been known since the 5th century BC. The history of the emergence of this type of art arose in the period of classical Greece under the influence of samples of ancient Eastern culture.
Initially, various compositions of flowers and patterns using special gems were fashionable.
Later, in ancient Greece, composite paintings began to be created not only from stones, but also from colored glass. In Rome, they began to use smalt – dense colored glass.
The most complex of all mosaics is the Florentine one. It is named so because the masters of Florence were the first to use the natural, natural pattern of stone to obtain finished paintings.
The mosaic decorated Roman villas, palaces and baths, Byzantine Christian churches, palaces of Azerbaijani khans, Kiev Sophia Cathedral, cathedrals of Moscow and St. Petersburg.
And until now, such a mosaic is an important attribute of wealth and beauty in the house. It reflects sunlight very well and makes the room even brighter and more spacious.
The finished work looks luxurious due to the transfusion of rhinestones.
Chinese craftsmen breathed new life into the old idea and began to produce mosaic kits, with which everyone can create their own masterpiece. Now these sets for making precious panels are bought up with great success by craftswomen.
You can also easily decorate your room. Diamond mosaic paintings can decorate the most luxurious and stylish interiors.
10. TORSION PAPIER
Weaving from newspaper or paper tubes. Old newspapers are used as the main material, which are dyed or left as is. Or plain and colored paper. Boxes, vases, coasters, planters are outwardly very similar to ordinary rattan products.
11. PARCHMENT CRAFT (PARCHMENT CRAFT)
(another name is Pergamano – after the largest paper manufacturer for this technique)
A type of embossing, where tracing paper or parchment is used as the main material, instead of expensive and durable raw leather material, as it was in the Middle Ages .
This is a technique for creating drawings on special parchment paper. The technique is based on the property of this paper to change color in places of folds and when punching and embossing. Similar results can be achieved when using thick tracing paper or vellum (more than 150 g/m2) instead of special paper. However, the special paper for this technique, in contrast to tracing paper and vellum, is coated with a special wax, due to which, when pressed, a more distinct white mark remains on it. In this case, the intensity of white depends on the pressing force. The creation of openwork napkins in this technique and similar elements has gained particular popularity. To give openwork and airiness, perforation is used – cutting and piercing holes.
12. JACARELADO TECHNIQUE OR FALSE MOSAIC
The date of invention of this type of needlework is not exactly established, but the term itself comes from the Portuguese word “jacar”, meaning caiman, alligator or lizard. This allowed the name of the technique to be loosely translated as “crocodile skin”, which correctly reflects the impression made as a result of its use. Brazil is considered the birthplace of the direction, from where jacarelado has spread throughout the world.
This is the creation of impressions on any surface, the simplest drawing technique. Monotype allows you to create only one print. The paint is applied to a smooth surface, after which the finished drawing is pressed against the base, which is decorated.
14. INDIAN EMBROIDERY SHEESH
Magic of the mirror. Shisha means small glass in Hindi. This is a type of Indian embroidery. The originality and unusualness of this type of embroidery lies in the fact that small particles of mirrors are used to create it.
A mirror in which Brahma (the god of creation in Hinduism), according to mythology, from time immemorial sees himself and all the wonders of his power. In addition, a well-known fact is that a mirror is considered a talisman against the evil eye: for this, a mirror is placed in a pocket or bag so that the reflective side is directed away from the owner. And then, as some believe, any negative energy will be reflected and returned to the one who wished you unkind.
15. SICILIAN LACE
This is a type of decoupage that uses predominantly cotton lace with a raised pattern.
Most people, when they mention decoupage, imagine kitchen boards with a pattern pasted on them. Indeed, almost all novice craftsmen try their hand at decoupage, decorating exactly kitchen utensils and decor items. It is more affordable in terms of buying materials, simple in execution, and besides, such a gift decorated with one’s own hands will undoubtedly be appreciated by a mother, grandmother or girlfriend.
But such a technique quickly gets boring, so needlewomen often need a few boards and frames to hone their skills and make presents to themselves and others. Sicilian lace imitation is an option that looks more stylish, luxurious and rich. Objects decorated using this technique are often seen at fashion photo shoots, because they are able to give the interior a special “Italian gloss”.
Ganutell is the art of making flowers from fine spiral wire and silk thread, as well as beads, beads and pearls, which originated in the monasteries of Malta. Later, crafts using the ganutel technique also reached the residence of the Pope: flowers decorated the altar, giving it a softer and more pleasant look.
17. ZENTANGLE TECHNIQUE
One of the unique trends in art is zentangle. This is a pattern divided into parts, consisting of repeating patterns. Zentangle has clear dimensions, it is drawn on a white square sheet three and a half inches wide. When drawing a zentagle, only black ink is used.
The creators of the zentangle method were Maria Thomas and Rick Roberts. They found that this way of abstract drawing is very calming and enjoyable. In addition, zentangle is a direction that is available to everyone, even a child can handle it.
From the French. Marquer – mark, draw. This is a type of mosaic when a mosaic set is made from pieces of veneer of different types of wood or ivory on furniture, caskets and other products.
19. STRING ART
Stringart – creating pictures using nails and thread.
String art as a way of creating compositions was invented in England in the 16th century. From ordinary nails and thread, weavers created stunning decorative patterns on the boards, which served as a decoration for the home. Gradually, the technique became more complicated and processed, eventually turning into a popular type of needlework, which was carried away by needlewomen of all ages.
The threading technique gained its unprecedented popularity thanks to the English researcher Mary Bull, who used threads and nails to teach children algebra and geometry.
20. KNITTING FROM WASTE BAG
Yes! And this type of needlework deserves special attention 🙂
Not everyone admits that he has a bag of bags in his kitchen! Let’s not dissemble, most housewives have one. And really, why immediately throw away a thing that can still come in handy? And given that the decay time of plastic is very long, then the reuse of bags is also a contribution to the preservation of the environment.
A non-standard and environmentally friendly way to dispose of plastic bags. Bags, accessories and even shoes such as sandals are created in this way.
What is closer to you? What did they know about and what did they not hear about? 🙂